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Drug Testing Your Employees + What Drugs to Test For?

Is Drug Testing in the Workplace Really Necessary? 

Today, entrepreneurs and big businesses alike strive to maintain a safe and productive workforce – especially in today’s economy. However, many still believe that mandatory Drug Testing is unnecessary, even unfair.  Certainly, productivity in the workplace is important. However, there are greater risks (as well as consequences) when it comes to the misuse of drugs at the workplace.  How so? 

There are a variety of problems that arise in companies that employ individuals who are abusing drugs and alcohol. Verywellmind.com touches on a few main issues:

  • Tardiness/sleeping on the job
  • Hangover or withdrawal affecting job performance
  • Poor decision making
  • Loss of efficiency
  • Theft
  • Lower morale of co-workers
  • Increased likelihood of having trouble with co-workers/supervisors or tasks
  • Preoccupation with obtaining and using substances while at work, interfering with attention and concentration
  • Illegal activities at work including selling illicit drugs to other employees
  • Higher turnover
  • Disciplinary procedures

The Dangers Involved

Substance abuse among employees can impair job performance and threaten their safety and the safety of those around them.  Drug use in the workplace can lead to severe injury or even worse – death. Moreover, some studies show that victims of substance abuse may be prone to acts of violence or aggression – which is needless to say; something that no employer would want in his/her workplace.

According to BlackBearRehab.com: “Drug use is related to intentional violence and crime. The World Health Organization explains, “Drug use may be linked to violence at the direct psychopharmacological level. Here, as a result of short- or long-term ingestion of specific substances, individuals may experience changes in physiological functioning that, in an unintoxicated state, restrain behavior.”

A Problem in the United States

Certainly, not everyone is a substance abuser.  However, is drug use becoming common enough to warrant concern?    Undoubtedly, the dangers are real for those who are actively abusing as well as those in close association.  However, for many companies worldwide to consider revamping their screening procedures, this beckons the question of how serious and widespread is drug use today?  Is drug use on the rise? 

Here in the United States, prescription drug abuse is a serious problem.  An article reported by Drugs.com states: “The U.S. The Surgeon General, as reported by NIDA, states that alcohol and drug abuse, including tobacco, costs the economy over $740 billion per year. Costs are related to crime, lost work productivity, and health care.”

They go on to mention the statistics from the 9 million drug tests that were performed in 2018 in the United States.  Many of which include data showing the increase in positive test results. Even the positive test results for Marijuana (THC) in the U.S. workforce has risen 7%.

The United States isn’t the only country affected by rampant drug abuse.  This problem has become a global issue affecting millions worldwide.

A Global Problem

Not only are drugs becoming more accessible, but they are also becoming more dangerous on a global scale.

The United Nations World Drug Report 2019 reported: “…the adverse health consequences of drug use are more severe and widespread than previously thought. Globally, some 35 million people are estimated to suffer from drug use disorders and require treatment services…”

Millions of individuals and their families are affected worldwide by drug use.  A problem of this magnitude definitely affects the workforce; more specifically – how employers proceed with their new hires. 

Many companies are reviewing their methods in order to thoroughly drug test all of their employees and new hires.  Rightly so; having a workforce of substance abusers can pose a severe liability to the business. Also, the company’s bottom line may be severely impacted with regard to the cost to correct these problems. 

 What Drugs Do Companies Test For?

For certain positions where public safety is a concern – positions like transportation, airline industries, hospitals, there are mandatory drug screening tests that are used to identify the job drug use.

Though many states have laws on random drug tests, certain jobs that require a level of security may randomly screen employees.  These procedures will undoubtedly be mandatory and many employers/agencies will not tolerate drug use in the least.

Most of the pre-employment drug tests require a urine sample, however, it is not uncommon for the employer to require other submissions like hair, blood, or saliva. 

8 Panel (25 cups) Drug Test Cup

For the most common methods of drug screening, companies will require a urine sample from the candidate.  12 Panel Now offers a Standard 8 Panel Urine Drug Test.  This tests for drugs that are of most concern when it comes to those who are involved in drug abuse.  The substances the 8 Panel Urine Drug Test identifies are:

  • Amphetamine (AMP), 
  • Benzodiazepine (BZO), 
  • Buprenorphine (BUP), 
  • Cocaine (COC), 
  • Marijuana (THC), 
  • Methamphetamine (MET), 
  • Opiates (OPI/MOR), 
  • Oxycodone (OXY)

12 Panel (25 cups) (TCA) Drug Test Cup

A company may opt for a more thorough Urine Drug Test.  In this case, the 12 Panel Drug Testing Cup is most appropriate.  In addition to the substances identified by the 6 Panel Drug Test, the 12 Panel Drug Test includes other drugs that are not only used to identify substance abuse but whether the candidate is on a particular kind of medication as well.  12 Panel Now includes the list of substances below:

  • Amphetamine (AMP),
  • Barbiturates (BAR),
  • Benzodiazepine (BZO),
  • Buprenorphine (BUP),
  • Cocaine (COC),
  • Ecstasy (MDMA),
  • Marijuana (THC),
  • Methadone (MTD),
  • Methamphetamine (MET),
  • Opiates (OPI/MOR),
  • Oxycodone (OXY),
  • Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCA)

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