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Should we change how the brain interprets pain?

Should we change how the brain interprets pain?

There is a complex relationship between people’s mental and physical health including pain. When we start to talk about the brain in relation to pain, some may worry that professionals or others around them are inferring that the pain is “all in your head”. There are no pain nerves, pain centers, or separate pain pathways. It is important to note that your experience of pain is very much real however it can be beneficial to consider additional factors that impact your experience of pain.

Since it is not a pleasant feeling, is it safe to „kill it“?

One of the most common reasons Americans visit their doctors is to get help with pain relief. Pain causes distress and can even be debilitating. Doctors sometimes prescribe opioid pain relievers to their patients who are in pain. While these drugs can provide much-needed relief, they also have the potential for misuse and addiction.

It is important to be cautious when taking medication for pain. In some cases, the treatment can pose more risk than the underlying cause of the pain. While not entirely free from the risk, you are less likely to become addicted to pain-relieving drugs when you take them exactly as prescribed.

Still, many of these medications produce a “high” that can become addicting to some patients. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) explains that some people become psychologically dependent on this feeling of euphoria. There is also the risk of physical dependence.

Tramadol case – what is it and how does it work?

Tramadol is an opioid pain-relieving medication used to treat moderate and severe pain. It is strong, so it can, for example, treat pain after an operation or a serious injury. This drug is also called by the brand names Invodol, Larapam, Mabron, Maneo, Marol, Maxitram, Oldaram, Tilodol, Tradorec, Tramquel, Tramulief, Zamadol, Zeridame and Zydol.

It comes as a tablet, a solution (liquid), an extended-release (long-acting) tablet, and an extended-release (long-acting) capsule to take by mouth. The regular tablet and solution are taken usually with or without food every 4 to 6 hours as needed.

Your doctor may start you on a low dose of tramadol and gradually increase the amount of medication you take. Taking more tramadol than prescribed by your doctor or in a way that is not recommended may cause serious side effects or death.

Tramadol may be habit-forming, especially with prolonged use. Taking certain other medications during your treatment with tramadol may increase the risk that you will experience breathing problems or other serious, life-threatening breathing problems, sedation, or coma.

Drinking alcohol, taking prescription or nonprescription medications that contain alcohol, or using street drugs during your treatment with tramadol increases the risk that you will experience serious, life-threatening side effects. Do not drink alcohol, take prescription or nonprescription medications that contain alcohol, or use street drugs during your treatment.

Is there a case when you shouldn’t use it?

You should not take tramadol if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • severe asthma or breathing problems
  • stomach or bowel obstruction
  • if you have recently used alcohol, sedatives, tranquilizers, or narcotic medications
  • if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days (such as isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, or tranylcypromine).

 

To make sure tramadol is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • breathing problems, sleep apnea
  • liver or kidney disease
  • urination problems
  • problems with your gallbladder, pancreas, or thyroid
  • a stomach disorder
  • mental illness, or suicide attempt.

How to cope with serious side effects?

Headaches – make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. It’s best not to drink alcohol with tramadol as you’re more likely to get side effects like feeling sleepy. Ask your pharmacist to recommend a painkiller.

Headaches should usually go away after the first week of taking tramadol. Talk to your doctor if they last longer than a week or are severe.

Feeling sleepy, tired, dizzy, or “spaced out” – these side effects should wear off within a week or two as your body gets used to tramadol. Talk to your doctor if they carry on for longer. Do not drink any alcohol as this will make you feel more tired.

Feeling or being sick (vomiting) – stick to simple meals and do not eat rich or spicy food. It might help to take your tramadol after you’ve eaten a meal or snack.

If you’re being sick, try small frequent sips of water. If it carries on, tell your doctor. They may be able to prescribe an extra medicine to protect your stomach.

Constipation – try to get more fiber into your diets such as fresh fruit and vegetables and cereals. Also, try to drink several glasses of water or another non-alcoholic drink every day. If you can, it may also help to do some gentle exercise like swimming or going for a short walk. Speak to your doctor about medicine to help prevent or treat constipation caused by tramadol if your symptoms don’t go away.

In case of overdose

In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can’t be awakened, immediately call emergency services at 911.

Symptoms of overdose may include the following:

  • decreased size of the pupil (the black circle in the center of the eye)
  • difficulty breathing
  • slow or shallowing breathing
  • extreme drowsiness or sleepiness
  • unable to respond or wake up
  • slowed heartbeat
  • muscle weakness
  • cold, clammy skin

Why should someone test for Tramadol?

Tramadol is a narcotic painkiller.  With medications like these, there is always the potential for addiction and abuse, especially in large doses.  Though Tramadol is not considered to be a highly addictive substance, care needs to be taken when taking this prescription-only drug.

The misuse and abuse of tramadol affect the chemical balances in the brain and negatively impact emotional and psychological well-being.

12 Panel Now Tramadol drug test strip includes internal procedural controls. If there’s a sufficient amount of specimen and the procedure is followed properly, a positive result will show as a colored band in the control region.

However, there are no external controls in this kit. That’s why we highly recommend further testing to verify positive results.

The test procedure is very simple and easy!

  1. Remove the test strip from the sealed pouch and use it within one hour
  2. Immerse the strip into the urine with the arrow pointing towards the urine
  3. Take the strip out after 15 seconds and lay the strip flat on a clean, dry, non-absorbent surface.
  4. Read the result in 5 minutes

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