What is a 12 Panel Saliva Drug Test?
The 12 Panel Saliva Drug Test is a rapid visual test for detecting drugs of abuse in human oral fluid specimens. The 12 Panel Oral Swab detects up to 12 different substances of abuse. A drug test may become necessary for several reasons:
- Aiding diagnoses of health care professionals
- Requirement by probation officers
- Drug screening drug and alcohol rehab facility
- Drug screening of children by parents
Many people and organizations stand to benefit greatly from the 12 Panel Saliva Drug Test. Administering this test can empower them to take better care of the people for whom they are responsible. That said, it is important that both the person administering the test and the person taking the test know exactly what drugs are being tested for.
The reasons for administering saliva drug tests vary, but the outcome is the same. If the test is administered properly, it will determine whether one or more of 12 of the most common drugs used in the United States are present in the body of the person being tested.
What Do Saliva Drug Test Detect
|Drug Name||Abbreviation||Detection time||Cut-Off Level|
|Amphetamines||AMP||1-2 Days||50 ng/mL|
|Cocaine||COC||2-4 Days||20 ng/mL|
|Morphine||OPI||2-4 Days||40 ng/mL|
|Marijuana||THC||5+ Days||40 ng/mL|
|Methamphetamine||MET||2-4 Days||50 ng/mL|
|Phencyclidine||PCP||7-14 Days||5 ng/mL|
|Benzodiazepines||BZO||1-2 Days||50 ng/mL|
|Buprenorphine||BUP||2-6 Days||5 ng/mL|
|Oxycodone||OXY||1-3 Days||20 ng/mL|
|Barbiturates||BAR||1-4 Days||50 ng/mL|
|Methadone||MTD||1-3 Days||30 ng/mL|
|Ecstasy||MDMA||2-4 Days||50 ng/mL|
What Does a Panel Refer to in Drug Tests
To begin with, let’s look into the term “panel.” It refers to the specific drug or class of drugs being tested for. The panel numbers refer to the number of drugs and classes of drugs that the test covers. Drug test manufacturers offer tests with panels typically ranging from 5 to 14.
However, more comprehensive panels exist that test for up to 25 drug types or classes. These are used in rare cases, though. The most commonly used panels are the 5-, 10- and 12-panel tests. Different drug test manufacturers offer different options. The specific drugs you wish to test for should determine the panel you choose.
What Substances Does the 12 Panel Saliva Drug Test Screen For?
Drug tests with more panels test for more drugs. They usually cover specialty panels, more opiates or certain panel combinations. As the name suggests, 12 Panel Saliva Drug Test screens for 12 drugs or drug classes.
Basic drug tests contain the OPI, a panel for opiates. 12 Panel Saliva Drug Test features an expanded panel for a wide variety of opiates, such as Methadone (MET) and synthetic Oxycodone (OXY). A drug test with a basic OPI panel may not detect these two specific drugs due to their synthetic nature. At higher concentrations, the two opiates may cross-react with the panel. The specific antibodies that the test relies on determine whether this cross-reaction will occur.
12 Panel Saliva Drug Test Offers More Privacy Than Urine Tests
Urine drug tests are not known for their privacy. Administering these tests is often uncomfortable for both the person administering the test and the person taking the test. Furthermore, the donor typically needs to use a private restroom to collect a urine specimen.
Additionally, some test scenarios require that the specimen be collected in the presence of a gender-specific observer. It may not always be possible or practical to meet this requirement.
In contrast, oral fluid drug testing is usually quick and safe. In most cases, there is no need for dedicated specimen collection rooms, gender-specific observers or elaborate logistics to administer the test.
12 Panel Saliva Drug Test can be administered practically at any location. It is also not uncomfortable for the person administering the test or the person being tested.
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