Employers are now adding BZO drug test to their drug testing programs. Pre-employment drug test help employers to screen potential new hires for drug abuse. Most employers have strict rules to ensure employees comply with their standards for a drug-free workplace and safe working environment.
What are Benzodiazepines? BZO or Benzodiazepine is a class of drugs that has a wide variety of medical uses. These include treatments for anxiety disorders, insomnia, alcohol withdrawal, muscle spasms, and seizure disorders. When taken frequently, these classified depressant drugs will have a long-term effect on the body. This is very dangerous, which leads to overdose deaths.
Types of Benzodiazepines
What are benzodiazepines drugs?
The benzodiazepines frequently used to treat anxiety disorders are:
- Alprazolam (Xanax)
- Lorazepam (Ativan)
- Clonazepam (Rivotril)
- Bromazepam (Lectopam)
- Oxazepam (Serax)
- Diazepam (Valium)
Why is a BZO drug test necessary?
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, drug overdose deaths involving benzodiazepines rose from 1,135 in 1999 to 11,537 in 2017 and declined to 9,711 between 2017 to 2019.
BZO Drug Test: What Will Show Up
Benzodiazepine detection in urine varies depending on the drugs. These are the detectable drugs that will show up on a BZO urine test.
- Valium:10-30 days
- Ativan:5 days
- Xanax:5 days
- Klonopin:5 days
- Ambient:1 day
- Halcion:7-15 hours
Benzodiazepines Side Effects
Benzodiazepines have a low risk of addiction when used occasionally for a few weeks. However, when used for several months, especially when taken more than the normal doses, getting addicted and physical dependence will increase.
Side effects of benzodiazepine ingestion can be mild and may not be noticed when using these drugs in low doses.
Common side effects are:
- lack of coordination, drowsiness, and sedation. When used at higher doses, side effects include disorientation, confusion, breathing difficulties, agitation, hallucinations, amnesia, and depression.
It is necessary to have a BZO drug test because it can highly affect the person’s ability to work effectively. It is always best for a company to have a fair drug and alcohol policy that will help their employees maximize their productivity at work and ensure everyone’s safety.
How long does BZO stay in the system?
These are the different factors that affect the length of time benzodiazepines stay in the body:
- which benzodiazepine was taken
- history of drug use
- medical history
- metabolism speed
The frequency of usage gives more evidence that will bring a positive result. Those who have quick metabolism that takes a small dose will test negative more quickly than someone with a slow metabolism which takes the same or larger doses.
Other factors that influence how long benzos stay in the body include:
- The regular dose
- How the drug was taken
- The presence of other drugs in the body
- Medical conditions
- Psychiatric conditions
BZO tests can be conducted in different methods using urine, saliva, hair, and blood. Drug detection times for different specimens may vary depending on the substance amount and frequency of use. The blood specimen for BZO has the shortest window of detection for this substance. Saliva reflects the presence of drugs within several hours. The most common is urine testing. This offers a longer window of detection period for BZO, which is usually 7 days. The hair offers the longest window of detection that can be within weeks or months.
What prescription medications can affect BZO drug test results?
Some medicines can cause false-positive results in benzodiazepine urine tests.
These medicines include:
What types of drug tests can detect BZO?
Listed below are the types of drug tests that can detect BZO.
- Drug test cups – can detect different illicit drugs in one testing. Results can be achieved in 5 minutes.
- Benzodiazepines strips – a rapid test that uses urine
- Oral swabs
- Multi-Drug test dip cards that specifically test for BZO
These are the drugs that will show on a BZO Drug Test.
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