Ritalin & Adderall
Millions of people today, both adolescents and adults have been diagnosed with a kind of Adult Attention Deficit Disorder. Most of those who are diagnosed with this condition are prescribed medication, usually prescription drugs like Adderall or Ritalin. What are these drugs, and what kind of effect do they have on the body? Should those who are subject to drug screenings be concerned if they are regularly taking these medications?
Ritalin is a Methylphenidate. Adderall is a mixture is composed of equal parts racemic amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. These drugs are categorized as stimulants. Both of these stimulants are used many times to treat conditions such as narcolepsy as well as treat ADHD. Today, many of us are at least fairly aware of these drug names. At the very least; what they are perscribed for.
However, how common are these drugs? According to clincalc.com, Methylphenidate’s like Ritalin, for instance, was the 47th most commonly prescribed medication in the United States in 2017, with more than 16 million prescriptions.
In 2012, roughly 16 million Adderall prescriptions were written for adults between ages 20 and 39, according to QuintilesIMS. Though these statistics are several years dated, this does give us some insight as to how many in the United States are on medical stimulants.
How do Stimulants Work?
How do Stimulants affect the body? An interesting quote from verywellmind.com sums up the functionality of the drugs in this way. They state:
Taking stimulants isn’t like taking an antibiotic to cure an infection, it’s like wearing glasses so you can see, though the glasses don’t cure your vision problems.
With that said, it’s important to understand how the stimulants work, and specifically what part of the body they affect. Stimulants are effective in treating ADHD mainly because the drug increases chemical levels in the brain that cause the subject to be more alert and focused.
One of these chemicals is dopamine. Dopamine is associated with the ‘feel-good’ responses. The brain releases this chemical after we partake in a rewarding experience like sexual activity or eating food items that we crave.
The other chemical that Stimulants effect is norepinephrine. Norepinephrine is released into the bloodstream naturally as a response to stress. This chemical can also increase blood pressure and heart rate as well as increase the production of sugar. Increased heart rate and high blood pressure are some of the known side effects of taking stimulants, so this is important to keep in mind.
Will Ritalin or Adderall Show Up On a Drug Test?
Many who have found themselves subject to a drug screening have been concerned if stimulants would show a positive read on a drug test. Because a large portion of the population is prescribed stimulant medication for conditions like narcolepsy, depression, and adult attention disorders, this is a reasonable concern.
Adderall, as mentioned, is a mixture is composed of equal parts racemic amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. If someone is taking a standard urine drug testing kit, perhaps one of the popular choices like the 12 Panel Urine Drug Test, Adderall may be detected. Why?
Will Adderall Be Detected?
If someone is using a drug test kit or submitting a drug screening, or any test that detects Amphetamine levels stimulants like Adderall will likely show up. What can someone expect for the detection time of Adderall? How long does Adderall stay in the system? An article from Addictioncampuses.com shares the detection time for Adderall based on the method of drug testing. They state:
Adderall detection time based on the method of drug testing:
Urine: Adderall can be detected in urine for three days but may not be detectable for three hours after ingestion.
Blood: Adderall can be detected in the blood for about 24 hours.
Saliva: Adderall can be detected in saliva for 48 hours, but may not show up until an hour after ingestion.
Hair: Adderall can be detected in hair follicles up to a month, but may not be present until a week or two after ingestion.
Will Ritalin Be Detected?
The same can be expected of Ritalin when it comes to taking a urine drug test. In fact, any urine drug testing kit that is designed to detect Amphetamines will likely detect drugs like Ritalin. What are some examples of Amphetamines? To understand exactly what some of the prescription Amphetamines are, healthline.com identifies more examples of Amphetamines:
- amphetamine sulfate (speed, whizz, gooey)
- methamphetamine (crank, crystal, meth, crystal meth, rock, ice)
- dexamphetamine and other drugs used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy (dexies, Ritalin, Adderall, Vyvanse, Focalin, Concerta)
Preparing for a Drug Test/Drug Screening
If you find yourself in the position of going through a drug screening or perhaps having to take a urine drug test, it’s always good to be aware of what drugs these tests are actually designed to detect. True, many of the drug test kits that you can purchase easily detect chemicals relating to the most commonly abused drugs, like Fentanyl and Heroin.
However, more care needs to be taken on the administrator’s part to ascertain whether the donor is on prescription medication. A perfect example of this is the consideration needed to evaluate a drug test that reads positive for amphetamines.
The drug test administrator would have to determine whether additional verification is needed for said results, especially if the individual is on prescription stimulant medication.
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Here at 12 Panel Now, we are happy to provide information and spread awareness regarding these topics and more! Every Tuesday, we publish a Blog with information on current events, as well as insights regarding our products!
We also provide the nation’s most affordable Drug Testing Supplies, including Drug Testing Cups and Strips both for personal, and medical use. Our selection of Urine Drug Testing cups is one of the nations most affordable and reliable. Urine Drug Tests only take minutes to perform and evaluate.
If you are concerned about your levels or would like to test someone you know, we have Single Use Drug Test Kits available as well. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to contact us or send us an email!
What Is an EtG Alcohol Test?
When using EtG Test strips, it’s important to know that they are very sensitive and can read positive results even from the lowest exposure to alcohol. If you are simply planning on taking a Drug Screening Test in preparation for employment, it is unlikely that you will be given this particular test.
In fact, an EtG Test is more commonly used to test for sobriety – due to its high sensitivity to alcohol levels. However, if your future employer requires you to take an EtG Test, it’s important to understand a few things regarding the process and how to prepare for it.
How Long Does Alcohol Stay In My System?
If someone is required to take an Alcohol Test (ALC Test), it’s good to understand how long alcohol stays in the system. An ALC Test has an 8 hour detection time, which is lower than an EtG Test. According to americanaddictioncenters.org, evidence of Alcohol consumption can appear in your system in the blood up to 6 hours after consumption and appear in Hair Follicles for up to 90 days after consumption. See the specifics below:
Blood: Up to 6 hours
Breath: 12-24 Hours
Urine: 12-24 Hours
Saliva: 12-24 Hours
Hair: 90 Days
If someone is required to take an EtG Test, keep in mind that this measures Ethyl glucuronide in Urine. This is a more sensitive test that is often used to test sobriety in individuals. An EtG test has a longer detection than an ALC Test – up to 80 hours after consumption. If someone were to abstain from alcohol for at least 5 days before submitting their Drug Test, their chances of showing a negative read are higher…CONTINUE TO FULL ARTICLE